Unit1 Cultural Relics


1. survive 幸免,生存,生还

2. in search of 寻找

3. select 挑选

4. design 设计,图案,构思

5. fancy 奇特的,异样的,想象

6. decorate 装饰,装潢

7. belong to 属于

8. in return 作为回报

9. at war 处于交战中

10. remove 移动,搬动

11. less than 少于

12. doubt 怀疑

13. worth 值得的,相当于…的价值

14. take apart 拆开

15. explode 爆炸

16. sink 下沉,沉下

17. think highly of 高度评价


1. There is no doubt that… 毫无疑问…

2. when的用法

was/were doing…when… 正在做某事…这时

was/were about to do… when…. 将要做某事…这时

had just done…when… 刚做完某事…这时

3. China is larger than any other country in the world. (同一范围内的比较)

She runs faster than any man in Greece. (不同范围内的比较)

4. the way的用法

The way___ he explained to us was quite simple. (that/which/省略)

The way ___ he explained the sentence to us was not difficult. (that/in which/省略)

5. worth的用法

be (well) worth doing sth (很)值得做某事

be worthy to be done = be worthy of being done

It’s worthwhile to do sth = it’s worthwhile doing sth

6. “疑问词+ to do” 结构,在句中做主语、宾语、表语

How to do it is a question.

I don’t know what to do next.

7. it做形式主语

It has been proved that pride goes before a fall.


8. what 引导主语从句,在从句中作主语

What he has said is of great importance.

What happened to him remained unknown.









People who take physical exercise live longer. 进行体育锻炼的人活得长些。(若把从句去掉句子就失去意义)

His daughter, who is in Boston now, is coming home next week. 他女儿现在在波士顿,下星期回来。(若把从句去句子意义仍然完整)



He is the man whose car was stolen. 他就是汽车被窃的那个人。

I’ve invited Jim, who lives in the next flat. 我邀请了吉姆,他就住在隔壁。



I have a sister who is a doctor. 我有一个医生的姐姐。(姐姐不止一个)

I have a sister, who is a doctor. 我有一个姐姐,她是当医生的。(只有一个姐姐)



Peter drove too fast, which was dangerous. 彼得开车很快,这是很危险的。(which指drive too fast)

He changed his mind, which made me very angry. 他改变了主意,这使我很生气。(which指整个主句)



Unit2 The Olympic Games


1. compete 比赛,竞争

2. take part in 参加,参与

3. stand for 代表,象征,表示

4. admit 容许,接纳,承认

5. as well 也,又,还

6. host 做东,招待,主人

7. replace 代替

8. charge 收费,控诉

in charge 主管,看管

9. advertise I做广告,登广告

10. bargain 讨价还价,讲条件,便宜货

11. one after another 一个接一个地

12. deserve 应受(报答或惩罚)

13. deserve的用法

deserve to do sth 应该做/值得做

deserve doing = deserve to be done 值得… (doing 表被动意义)

Your suggestion deserves to be considered = deserves considering.

( 用法相似的动词:need/want/require doing= need/want/require to be done 需要….)

14. take part in : 参加有组织的、重大的活动

join in 参加正在进行的活动

join: 参加团体,党派和组织,成为其中的一员(join the army; join the party)

attend: 出席,参加,后跟 meeting,wedding,class, course等


1. nor/neither + 助动词/be/情态动词 + 主语:表示“…也不这样”

I have never been abroad, and neither/nor has he.

If you don’t go to the party, nor will I.

2. So+情态动词/助动词/be动词+主语 :表示“…也是的一样的”, 强调后者同前者肯定情况一样。

3. So+主语+情态动词/助动词/be动词:表示 “的确如此”,对前面情况的肯定。

4. not only…but (also)… 不但…而且…

Women are not only allowed, but play a very important role in gymnastics.

(1) 引导并列结构:引导主语时,谓语动词 就近原则。

(2) 引导并列句时,not only句倒装,即前倒后不倒。

Not only did they take photos, but also they had a bid dinner.

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一. 概念:主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者,被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。

二. 各种时态被动语态的形式

1. 一般现在时的被动语态 am/is/are + done

2. 一般过去时的被动语态 was/were + done

3. 一般将来时的被动语态 ⑴will be done is/am/are going to be done

4. 现在进行时的被动语态 is/am/are + being + done

表示说话人说话时或现阶段正在进行的动作,经常和时间副词now (现在), right now (现在, 此刻), at present (现在,目前), at this moment (此刻)连用。

5.现在完成时的被动 have/has been done

现在完成时常与already, always, often, ever, never, yet, not…yet, just等不表示明确的时间副词连用, 还可以和表示时间一直延续到目前的带(ever )since, for的状语及包括现在在内的词连用。如: now, today, this month, this year, recently, these days,many times, so far, by now, in the past/last few days/years… 等。6. 过去完成时的被动 had been done

7. 过去将来时的被动 would be done

8. 过去进行时的被动 was/were being done

9. 带情态动词的被动语态 情态动词 + be done

10. 动词不定式的被动式 to be done

e.g. It is an honor for me to be asked to speak here.

三. 注意事项

1. 并不是所有动词都有被动语态

happen, take place, break out, belong to, cost, last等不及物动词或词组无被动语态。

2. 短语动词、固定搭配变被动语态介词或副词不能省。

E.g. Time should be made full use of.

3. 双宾语:一个宾语成主语,另一主语保留不变。

E.g. Mother will buy me an iphone5. → I will be bought an iphone5 (by my mother) .

→ An iphone5 will be bought for me (by my mother) .

Unit3 Computers


1. solve 解决;解答

2. from…on 从……时起

3. as a result 结果

4. so…that 如此…以至于

5. explore 探索,探测,研究

6. anyhow 无论如何,即使如此

7. goal 目标,球门,得分

8. human race 人类

9. signal 发信号,信号

10. type 类型,打字

11. in a way 在某种程度上

12. arise 出现,发生

13. with the help of 在……的帮助下

14. electronic 电子的

15. deal with 处理

16. watch over 看守,监视

17. rise/arise/arouse/raise的区别







(vi. )出现,发生





(vt. )唤醒,激起





(vi. )升起,上升





(vt. )举起,饲养





1. certain和sure的句型

sb. be sure/certain of…= sb. be sure/certain that从句:某人确信…

be sure/certain to do sth. 肯定会做…

It’s certain that从句 肯定会

例如:It’s certain that he will succeed.=He’s sure/certain to succeed.他肯定会成功的。

I’m sure/certain of his success.= I’m sure/certain that he will succeed. 我确信他会成功的。

2. 主语+ be + adj + to do The question is easy to answer.

3. 状语从句的省略

在when, while, if, unless, though, once等引导的状语从句中,如果从句的主语和主句的主语一致, 且从句中的谓语含有be动词时, 为了使句子简洁, 可省略从句中的主语和be动词。

While playing in the snow, the two pandas had great fun.

Unless invited, he has decided not to attend that activity.


Unit4 Wildlife protection


1. die out 灭亡、逐渐消失

2. hunt 打猎,猎取

3. in peace 和平地,安详地

4. in danger of 在危险中

5. in relief 如释重负,松了口气

6. burst into laughter 突然笑起来

7. protect…from 保护…不受…之害

8. contain 包含,容纳,容忍

9. affect影响,感动,侵袭

10. pay attention to 注意

11. appreciate 鉴赏,感激

12. succeed 成功,接替

13. employ 雇佣,利用

14. harm 危害

15. bite 咬,叮

16. come into being 形成,产生

17. inspect 检查,视察

18. according to 按照,根据

19. so that 以至于


1. succeed in doing sth 成功的做某事

succeed to sth 继承某事

2. under construction/discussion 正在被建设/讨论

in use 正在被使用

3. do harm to sth = be harmful to sth 对…有害

there is no harm in doing sth 做某事无害

4. be used to do sth 被用来做…

used to sth 过去常常做…

be used to doing sth 习惯于做某事

5. It won’t be long before… 过不了多久…就会…

6. take measures to do sth 采取措施做某事

7. with的复合结构:with + n/pron + adj/adv/ 介词短语/现在分词/过去分词/不定式

With a lot of problems to settle, she can’t go out. (将来)

With time going by, he is getting along well with his English. (主动,进行)

With the work done, he can go out. (被动,完成)


Unit5 Music


1. roll 滚动,摇晃,卷,

2. dream of 梦见,梦想

3. to be honest 实话说

4. attach 系上,附加

attach …to 认为有……(重要性、意义)

5. form 组成,形成,构成

6. earn 赚,挣得

7. perform 表演,执行,履行

8. in cash 用现金,有现钱

9. play jokes on 戏弄

10. rely on 依赖,依靠

11. be/get familiar with 熟悉

12. or so 大约

13. break up 打碎,分裂

14. in addition 另外

15. sort out 分类

16. above all 最重要,首先


1. dream of/about 梦想做…

2. to be honest= honestly speaking = to tell the truth 说实话

3. form the habit of… 形成…习惯

in the form of… 以…形式

4. I would appreciate it if… 如果…我将不胜感激.

go wrong 出故障 come up with 提出 make up 构成;编造 a5. as is often the case 情况通常如此

6. It looks as if it is going to rain.(真实语气:很有可能发生)

He treats me as if I were a stranger. (虚拟语气:与现在事实He talked about Rome as if he had been there before. (虚拟语气:与过去事实相反)




Eg: 1. The girl whom I borrowed the bike from is my friend.

2. The girl from whom I borrowed the bike is my friend.

3. How is the film about which I often talked to you?

4. Is this the room in which Mr. Smith lives?


1. This is the bag which he is looking for .

2. The old lady whom she is looking after is her teacher.

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